Revised August 2015Jim Capaldi drums, percussion, vocals
This multi-talented West Midlands group gained international success in the late 1960s and early 1970s, particularly in the USA where they attracted a large following. In Britain, they are remembered mostly for some memorable and ground-breaking singles and albums that scored high chart placings during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Traffic was formed when Steve Winwood, who was the focal point of the successful chart-topping Spencer Davis Group (see Spencer Davis Group), decided to move beyond the restrictions of that group and form his own band consisting of other Birmingham area musicians. Local guitarist Dave Mason had been a member of the Worcester group 'The Hellions' in the early 1960s along with drummer Jim Capaldi (see The Hellions).
Jim Capaldi had continued with The Hellions who were re-named Deep Feeling after Dave Mason's departure and to help pay the rent, Dave worked as a roadie for the Spencer Davis Group. Saxophone/flute player Chris Wood who was born in Harborne, Birmingham on 24 June 1944, had been a member of the group Locomotive and previous to that, had been in 'Sounds Of Blue' who later became Chicken Shack.
The four musicians would often get together on stage at a hip club called The Elbow Room on Aston High Street in Birmingham and it was there that the idea for Traffic was formed. With Dave Mason and Jim Capaldi eager to form a new band, Steve Winwood agreed to join the partnership along with Chris Wood and so the four retreated to a secluded (and reportedly haunted) cottage in Aston Tirrold, Berkshire in order to write and rehearse new material. "We lived on cheese sandwiches and tins of rice pudding" said Steve. The cottage was to become a place of legend as regular visitors included musicians such as Eric Burdon, Pete Townshend and Eric Clapton as well as Trevor Burton (of The Move) amongst many others.
The new line-up was named 'Traffic' (an action that prompted an obscure south London band called 'Traffic Jam' to re-name themselves 'Status Quo'). Reportedly, it was Jim Capaldi who came up with the name Traffic after an evening watching cars clog a street following a show at a local movie theatre. The group was given full financial backing by Island Records boss Chris Blackwell who intended to promote the band to help the launch of Island Records as a major act label.
With the publicity surrounding Steve Winwood's involvement, the group was assured at least initial success. Traffic's first single 'Paper Sun' credited to all four members was released in the summer of 1967. With production by Jimmy Miller and composed by Steve Winwood with Jim Capaldi supplying the captivating lyrics, the song was just right for the times and featured an Indian sitar played prominently by Dave Mason. The single reached Number 5 in the charts and brought the group to the forefront of the British psychedelic or "flower power" movement that was sweeping the country at the time.
The next Traffic single was even more adventurous and was composed and sung by Dave Mason. The song was supposedly inspired by a dream Dave had at the cottage (although certain substances he was taking may have also played a part) and the recording featured his innovative use of the Mellotron. 'Hole In My Shoe' became one of the most memorable songs of the 1960s U.K. psychedelic scene and captured the atmosphere of 1967 with as much impact as The Pink Floyd's 'See Emily Play'. The single also established Dave Mason as a major songwriting talent with the record reaching Number 3 in the British charts (years later, a version of Hole In My Shoe was recorded by Neil from the hit BBC TV comedy show 'The Young Ones' with the song again making the top ten).
By November 1967, a third Traffic single entitled 'Here We Go Round The Mulberry Bush' had been released and was used as the title track of a film which also included songs by Steve Winwood's previous band The Spencer Davis Group. Traffic's live shows at this time included a lot of on-stage jamming and improvisation as well as extended solos by the individual members - something quite unusual in Britain for a pop group in those days and an indication of things to come. Jim Capaldi would later describe their performances as "organized chaos".
December of 1967 saw the release of Traffic's acclaimed first album entitled 'Mr Fantasy' which showcased the individual talents of the members and proved that Dave Mason, Jim Capaldi and Chris Wood were more than just a backing band for Steve Winwood. The album also showed Dave writing as a separate entity and indicated a clash of songwriting styles with his melodic and commercial compositions contrasting alongside the more jazz-influenced songs of the other group members.
Possibly spurred by the success of Hole In My Shoe, Dave Mason left the group in December, supposedly to begin a solo career, only to rejoin the band in May of 1968. Traffic then recorded another successful self-titled album, to which Mason contributed the classic song 'Feelin' Alright', a composition that became much covered by other artists. Despite this, Dave Mason left again in October of 1968 and a few months later, further group activities had ceased.
Fearing the worst, Island Records issued a "new" Traffic album titled 'Last Exit' made up of leftover recordings, B-sides, and some assorted live material. A compilation entitled The Best Of Traffic was also released. Meanwhile Steve Winwood teamed up with legendary guitarist Eric Clapton and drummer Ginger Baker and along with bass player Rick Grech, formed the much publicized and short lived "supergroup" Blind Faith.
Following the demise of Blind Faith, Steve Winwood joined Ginger Baker's new band 'Air Force' which had also included Birmingham musicians Trevor Burton (see The Move) and Denny Laine. Mason, Capaldi and Wood tried forming another band called Wooden Frog but it was short-lived and they split by March 1969.
In January 1970, Steve Winwood started work on a long-awaited solo album and was joined in the recording studio by Jim Capaldi and Chris Wood. The resulting sessions were so successful that Traffic was re-formed minus Dave Mason and the album produced from the recordings entitled 'John Barleycorn Must Die' was issued as a group effort. The album was critically acclaimed and became a big seller.
After enlisting top session players to the line-up including bassist Rick Grech from Blind Faith, drummer Jim Gordon of Derek and The Dominos, and Ghanian percussionist Rebop Kwaku Baah, Traffic toured both the UK and the USA where their live recording of 'Gimme Some Loving' (originally recorded by Steve Winwood's old band The Spencer Davis Group) made the charts. Further Traffic albums were recorded in the early 1970s and were big sellers, particularly in America where the group had a large following, but by 1974, Steve Winwood and Jim Capaldi were concentrating their efforts on solo careers.
Though outwardly jovial, Chris Wood was to suffer from depression following the tragic death of his young wife and other close friends. This unfortunately led to a reliance on alcohol and drugs from which he later developed liver disease. After admittance to a Birmingham hospital, Chris Wood died from pneumonia on July 12, 1983 at the age of only 39. He was working on tracks for a solo album that was eventually issued posthumously more than 20 years after his death.
Jim Capaldi recorded his first solo album in 1974 and scored a top five hit in Britain in October of 1975 with 'Love Hurts'. He has appeared on recordings by many other well known performers and has made several best-selling albums. His 1983 hit record titled 'That's Love' was recorded with Steve Winwood. Jim continued to occasionally collaborate with his former bandmate which included a partial Traffic re-union in 1994. One of Jim's last public appearances was at George Harrison's tribute concert in 2002. Jim Capaldi passed away on January 28, 2005 after a battle with cancer (see Brumbeat feature Jim Capaldi 1944-2005).
Dave Mason had moved permanently to the USA by the early 1970s and established a successful solo career there which apart from making top selling albums, included collaborations with Mamas & Papas singer Cass Elliot and occasional appearances on-stage with the 1970s line-up of Traffic. Despite battles with drugs and alcohol, he scored a big hit single in the States with 'We Just Disagree' in the late 1970s and continues to record and tour there although he remains almost unknown in his native Britain where he is remembered mainly for his contributions as part of Traffic.
Steve Winwood appeared on recording sessions for many well known musicians throughout the 1970s and in 1981, began a predictably successful solo career. His 1986 album Back In The High Life received a Grammy Award for Album of the Year in the USA while hit singles such as 'Valerie' and 'Higher Love' have scored high chart placings in many countries. Although Steve Winwood has not enjoyed such a high profile in recent years, he remains a major talent on the world music scene and continues to record and perform today in between spending time at his farm in Oxfordshire.
Perhaps Traffic's greatest achievement was the successful integration of third-world rhythms with western folk, rock and jazz which made them true pioneers of what became known as "World Music". Traffic were inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame in 2004.
Copyright © John R Woodhouse
A new book from Genesis Publications titled 'Mr Fantasy - The Lyrics of Jim Capaldi' will be available in June 2012. For more information about this book on the life of Jim Capaldi, visit the Genesis Publications web site at: www.genesis-publications.com/News/jim-capaldi-remembered/2801
To read an interview with Dave Mason, click HERE
Some official Traffic related websites are listed below:
Jim Capaldi: www.jimcapaldi.com
Dave Mason: www.davemasonmusic.com
Steve Winwood: www.stevewinwood.com
Chris Wood: www.lunarmusic.co.uk